Type of Article: Original Research
Volume 4; Issue 1: 2017
Page No.: 462-464
Evaluation of Bronchial Obstruction in Healthy School Children
Veera Mohan Rao M *1, Rameswarudu M 2.
*1 Department of Physiology, Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2 Department of Research, SVS Medical College, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India.
Correspondence to: Dr. Veera Mohan Rao M, Department of Physiology, Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. E-Mail: email@example.com
Introduction: In our modern life style even non-smokers and non-exposers to the hazards like mining other pollutants, it is becoming increasingly evident that the air which he is breathing is invariably causing certain amount of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). In this early detection is required to prevent the chronicity.
Objective(s): Evaluation of bronchial obstruction in healthy school children at Kurnool semi urban by using Spirowin (Medicare system, Hyderabad).
Materials and Methods: 23 school going healthy boys were selected randomly, aged between 5 and 16 years. As the pulmonary functions are dependent on the height of the given subject, stratification of the subjects based on their height was made. PEFR, PIF, FVC, and FEV1 were measured using Spirown flow meter and PEFR/PIF ratio was calculated.
Results: The PEFR, PIF, FVC, and FEV1 distributions obtained by Spirown were 308±45.85; 211±48; 138±34.2; and 126±31.2 respectively. The PEFR, PIF, FVC, and FEV1 distribution in relation to height correlation coefficient obtained for height V/s PEFR, PIF, FVC, and FEV1 were 0.92; 0.89; 0.89; and 0.89 respectively.
Conclusion: suggesting that the study group not have any respiratory obstructive disorder. This data representative data for the locality of semi urban Kurnool.
Key words: PEFR, PIF, FVC, FEV1, and Height.
- Frank J. Kelly, Julia C. Fussell. Air pollution and public health: emerging hazards and improved understanding of risk. Environ Geochem Health. 2015; 37(4): 631–649.
- Mallik SK, Jindal SK. Pulmonary function tests in healthy children. Indian Pediatr 1985;22:677-81.
- Chowgule RV, Shetye VM, Parmar JR. Lung function tests in normal Indian children. Indian Pediatr 1995;32:185-91.
- Sharma PP, Gupta P, Deshpande R, Gupta P. Lung function values in healthy children (10-15 years). Indian J Pediatr 1997;64:85-91.
- Nair RH, Kesavachandran C, Sanil R, Sreekumar R, Shashidhar S. Prediction equation for lung functions in south Indian children. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1997;41:390-6.
- Connett GJ, Quak SH, Wong ML, Teo J, Lee BW. Lung function reference values in Singaporean children aged 6-18 years. Thorax 1994;49:901-5.
- Shamssain MH. Forced expiratory indices in normal black southern African children aged 6-19 years. Thorax 1991;46:175-9.
- Prasad, R.Gupta, S.K. Verma. A Study on Perception of Patients about Bronchial Asthma. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003;17(2):85-7.
- Doctor TH, Trivedi SS, Chudasama RK. Pulmonary function test in healthy school children of 8 to 14 years age in south Gujarat region, India. Lung India. 2010;27(3):145-8.