Type of Article: Original Research

Volume 4; Issue 2: 2017

Page No.: 466-470

DOI: 10.16965/ijims.2017.102

Assessment of Existence Metabolic Risk Factors in Obese Males and Females

Suresh Konakanchi 1, Pravallika Pagadala *2, Ramesh Babu. M 3, Shivakrishna Gouroju 4.

1 Tutor, Department of Physiology, Sri Devaraj Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

*2 Tutor, Department of Physiology, Sambhram Institute of Medical  Sciences & Research, BEML Nagar, KGF, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

3 Tutor, Department of Biochemistry, Sambhram Institute of Medical  Sciences & Research, BEML Nagar, KGF, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

4 Tutor, Department of Biochemistry, Andaman Nicobar Islands institute of Medical Sciences, Port Blair, India.

Corresponding Author: Ms. Pravallika Pagadala, Tutor, Department of Physiology, Sambhram Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, BEML Nagar, KGF, Kolar, Karnataka-563115, India. Mob no.: +919494208365. E-Mail: pravallikapagadala5@gmail.com


Background: Obesity has become a leading global public health problem. It is one of the underlying causes of non-communicable chronic diseases. It is linked with non-communicable disorders including hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease & stroke. It has become leading cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed & developing countries.

Aim: To study the effect of obesity on blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid profile in obese male & obese female.

Materials and Methods: 40 obese male subjects with age & sex matched 40 obese female subjects were chosen.

Results and Conclusion: Results of present study showed that obese females have high blood lipid levels compared to non-obese. Thereby proving that obese are prone to high blood lipids. This is due to changes in body fat distribution resulting in changes in body metabolism which in turn cause change in lipid levels.

Key words: Blood Lipids, Blood Glucose Levels, Blood Pressure, Obese Male, Obese Female.


  1. Sorig H, Ballal A, Saeed A M. Body fat distribution, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose level in young obese Sudanese females. Sudan Med J. 2009;45:40-8.
  2. Obesity ;NICE CKS ,October 2012(2).
  3. Omisorea B, Omisoreb A and Abioye-Kuteyic E. obesity prevalence and metabolic differences between obese and non-obese school adolescents. S AfrFamPract2015;1-5.
  4. Amruta A. Bakshi,Jayashree S. Bavikar,Shilpa B. Asegaonkar, Jayashree S. Bardapurkar,VijayDomple, Pooja SK Raietal,.Evaluation of Usefulness of Serum Insulin as Sensitive Predictor of Cardiovascular Dysfunction in Obese Individuals with Normal Lipid Profile. J ClinDiagn Res 2014;8:10-2.
  5. Aziz J,Siddiqui NA, Siddiqui IA, Relation of body mass index with lipid profile and blood pressure in young healthy students at Ziauddin Medical University. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2003;15:57-9.
  6. WHO: Physical And Overweight”. World Health Organization .Archived From the Original On December 18, 2008.Retrieved January 10, 2009.
  7. Tsigos C,Bitzur R, Kleinman Y, Cohen H, Cahn A, Brambilla Get al.,Targets for body fat, blood pressure, lipids, and glucose-lowering interventions in healthy older people.Diabetes Care 2013;36:292-300.
  8. Kotsis V, Stabouli S, Bouldin M, Low A, Toumanidis S, Zakopoulos N. Impact of Obesity on 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Hypertension. Hypertension 2005;45:602-607.
  9. Haslam DW,James WP.Lancet2005;366:1197-209.
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity
  11. Haslam D. Obesity: a medical history.Obes Rev.2007;8:31-6.
  12. Gurung A, shivsekharM, WilliamE.study of insulin resistance and lipid profile in obese adults. IJSID 2013;3:362-6.
  13. Singla P,Bardoloi A, Parkash AA. Metabolic effects of obesity: A review. World J Diabetes 2010; 1:76-88.
  14. Faheem M, Qureshi S,  Ali J, Hameed, Zahoor,  Abbas F, Gul A M, Hafizullah M. Does bmi affect cholesterol, sugar, and blood pressure in general population?. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2010;22:74-7.
Download Full Text TOC