Type of Article: Original Research

Volume 4; Issue 7: 2017

Page No.: 537-542

DOI: 10.16965/ijims.2017.118

 

THE EFFECT OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION ON CRANIOVERTEBRAL ANGLE AND DEPRESSION STATUS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Karthikeyan Selvaganapathy *1, Roshini Rajappan 1, Tham Hung Dee 2.

*1 Senior lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Therapeutic Science, Asia Metropolitan University, Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia.

2 Physiotherapist, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Therapeutic Science, Asia Metropolitan University, Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia.

Correspondence Address: Karthikeyan Selvaganapathy, Senior lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Therapeutic Science, Asia Metropolitan University, Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia. E-Mail: skpsg@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: The usage of smartphone is in an increasing trend worldwide. It brings remarkable changes over personal relationships and also in both mental and physical health status. The percentage of smartphone addiction was higher than the internet addiction based on a survey of smartphone addiction completed by the National Information Society Agency in 2012.

Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of smartphone addiction on craniovertebral angle and depression status among university students.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study design with a purposive sampling method. Total of 68 subjects were elected for this study and classified in to regular user group and heavy user group. Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS) questionnaire and self-reported Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to measure the level of smartphone addiction and depression symptoms respectively. The forward head posture was evaluated by measuring the craniovertebral angle (CVA) using photographic image method.

Results: CVA and depression status between the groups were analyzed by independent‘t’ test. The mean CVA of regular user group was 49.83±5.54 and heavy user group was 50.68±3.44.  The p value was > 0.05. There was no significant change in CVA between regular user and heavy user groups. The mean of depression status in regular user group was 13.5±6.67 and heavy user group was 18.79±7.55.  The p value was < 0.05. There was a significant change in the depression status between regular user and heavy user groups.

Conclusion: Smartphone addiction has no effect on CVA but it could negatively affect a person’s depression status.

KEY WORDS: Smartphone addiction, Craniovertebral angle, Forward head posture, Depression.

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