Type of Article: Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 8: 2018

Page No.: 729-734

DOI: 10.16965/ijims.2018.134

STUDY OF COMPARISON BETWEEN EPHEDRINE AND PHENYLEPHRINE FOR PREVENTION OF HYPOTENSION DURING SPINAL ANESTHESIA FOR CESAREAN SECTION

Chandkiran Yadav.

Consultant anesthesiologist, Indira IVF centre, Lucknow, UP, India

Correspondence address: Dr. Chandkiran Yadav, 4/87, Vipul khand,gomati nagar, Lucknow, Uttarpradesh-226010,India. E-Mail: chandkiran11111@gmail.com

Abstract:

Background: Hypotension during spinal anesthesia (SA) is common. Many agents are used for treating hypotension. In this study we compared the efficacy of ephedrine and phenylephrine in preventing and treating hypotension in spinal anesthesia for cesarean section and their effect on fetal outcome.

Methods: A total of 120 ASA Grade I patients undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia with a normal singleton pregnancy beyond 36 weeks gestation were randomly allocated into two groups of 60 each. Group I received prophylactic bolus dose of ephedrine 10 mg IV at the time of intrathecal block with rescue boluses of 5 mg. Group II received prophylactic bolus dose of phenylephrine 100 μg IV at the time of intrathecal block with rescue boluses of 50 μg. Hemodynamic variables like blood pressure and heart rate was recorded every 2 minutes up to delivery of baby and then after every 5 minutes. Neonatal outcome was assessed using Apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes.

Results: There was no difference found in managing hypotension between two groups. Incidence of bradycardia was higher in phenylephrine group. The differences in Apgar score, and birth weight between two groups were found statistically insignificant.

Conclusion: From my study it was concluded that  both  phenylephrine and ephedrine are equally efficient vasopressor agent in management of   hypotension during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Neonatal outcome remains equally good in both the groups.

Key words: Phenylephrine, Ephedrine, Hypotension, Spinal Anesthesia.

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