Type of Article: Original Research
Volume 6; Issue 1: 2019
Page No.: 760-764
UTILIZATION OF MATERNAL HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN UTTARAKHAND: COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN TWO DIVISIONS: KUMAUN AND GARHWAL
Shubham Pandey 1, Ankit Singh *2, Ashish Gaur 3.
1 Assistant professor, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun, India.
*2 Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun, India.
3 Data Manager cum Analyst, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun, India.
Corresponding Author: Ankit Singh, Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, jolly grant, Dehradun, India.
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Background: Maternal mortality remains a biggest setback in developing nations like India. Almost 90% of maternal deaths can be prevented by timely intervention, antenatal care acts as an effective tool to reduce both maternal and infant mortality. The objective of this study is to assess the utilization of antenatal care services in two divisions of Uttarakhand: Kumaun and Garhwal.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out using secondary data source i.e. NFHS-4 data of Uttarakhand which is divided into two regions, Garhwal and Kumaun. Statistical test i.e. Z-test is used for the comparison between two regions and within inter districts of Uttarakhand.
Result: The results of this study indicates that between the two regions i.e Kumaun has better utilization of maternal health care facilities. Nainital district recorded best and Pithoragarh district recorded the least utilization of ANC services in Kumaun division. In Garhwal division, district Chamoli and Dehradun recorded highest utilization of maternal health care services whereas Rudraprayag and Tehri-Garhwal had discouraging statistics.
Conclusion: Uttarakhand has immensely progressed in terms of maternal health in recent times; still there are some key areas that require immediate attention. Certain districts in both Garhwal and Kumaun division need assistance to improve maternal health care seeking behavior amongst the mother and the family. Dissemination of information and benefits regarding the utilization of ANC services should be encouraged to achieve a reduction in maternal mortality.
Key words: Ante Natal Checkup (ANC), Uttarakhand, Kumaun, Garhwal.
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